The Miniature Swine as a Model in Experimental and Translational Medicine
Stricker-Krongrad, A., Shoemake, C.R., Bouchard, G.F.
The use of the miniature swine as a nonrodent species in research has continued to expand for over a decade, and they are becoming routinely used both in experimental pharmacology and as a therapeutic model for human diseases. Miniature swine models are regularly used for studies designed to assess efficacy and safety of new therapeutic compounds given through different routes of exposure and are used as an alternative model to rodents, canines, or nonhuman primates. Translational preclinical swine study data presented here support the current understanding that miniature swine are the animal model of choice for the assessment of drugs targeting endocrine, dermal, and ocular disorders. Because research investigators need to be familiar with some of the important features of the models developed in the miniature swine in order to place clinical and experimental findings in their proper perspective, relevant references and data from these models will be presented, compared, and partially illustrated.